Historical Background :
Bankura, the fourth largest district of West Bengal is
located in the western part of the state, which is
popularly known as Rarh from time immemorial. It has
an area of 6882 square km and according to the census of
2001, it has a population of 31, 2,695. It is bounded by
Paschim Midnapur in the south, Purulia District in the
west, Bardhaman district in the north and Hoogly
District in the east. Bankura is drained by Damodar,
Dwarakeswar, Shilabati and Kangsabati along with their
tributaries of which Ghandheswari, Shilai and Kumari
deserve separate mention. The head quarter of the
District is at Bankura from which it has derived its
name. According to one tradition the town was named
after a local chieftain called Bankura Rai, while
according to another legend the town is so called after
Bir Bankura, a prince of Bishnupur. The District Bankura
acquired its present shape and dimension in 1879 though
till 1881, the District Judge ship was known as west
Burdwan. It was given the name Bankura in 1881 and since
then the administrative and judicial jurisdiction of the
District have been coterminous with the Geographical
boundaries of Bankura.
Sociological background :
Main livelihood of the district is agriculture and
allied activities. Since a very small percentage of
agriculture area gets irrigation facilities, the maximum
area is to depend upon rain water. Though average
rainfall is about 1200 mm per year the distribution of
rain is erratic. People mostly depend on mono crop
(paddy) and the cultivation is also primitive type. On
the other hand, no viable industry exists in the
district. For the sake of livelihood a good percentage
of human resources migrate to neighbouring Burdwan and
Hoogly districts regularly. As the district is
economically backward, non agricultural employment can
not be ensured. In agriculture also production per unit
area is abysmally low. Hence the demand of employment
beyond agriculture is very high in the district.
Percentage of scheduled caste and scheduled Tribe
population of rural area of the district is 31.87 and
11.06 respectively. The concentration of tribal
population is mainly at the southern part of the
district. The percentage of rural population to total is
As per census 2001 the literacy rate is 63.84%. It is
much lower than national and state average. The literacy
is even lower in case of female which is only 49.8%.
There are about 688 mouzas in the district where the
female literacy rate is less than 30%.
Administrative background :
administrative profile of this district is as follows :
1. Sub-division 3 (Bankura Sadar, Bishnupur and Khatra).
2. Block 22
3. Gram Panchayat 190
4. Village 5187
5. Mouza 3828 (In habited 3543, un habited 285)
6. Nos. of ITDP Mouja 747
7. Police station 23
8. Nos of Gram Sandad 1896
9. Nos. of
Backward Village 590
Territorial activities :
publication of the West Bengal Rural Employment Guaranty
Scheme 2006 by the State Govt. on 10-02-06 the work
under the provision of the Act and the scheme started in
all Blocks of this district, being selected in first
phase, (except in municipal area) from 2006.
Interventions made by District MGMGNREGA team with
special emphasis on IEC
those difficulties suitable steps had been taken by the
district MGNREGA team headed by District Programme
Coordinator and District Magistrate under the
leaderships of Addl. District Magistrate(Dev.) and the
Nodal Officer of MGNREGS Cell of the District. Since the
inception of MGNREGS, to aware the mass about the basic
objectives of the scheme including the salient features
of the Act, the district MGNREGA team conducted so many
Programmes as follows:-
group meetings including awareness camps at Gram
Sansad level;- initially during inception and for at
least two times every year.
Extensive making at village level at initial stage
& before G.S. meeting. Dissemination of information
through book-lets, souvenir, little magazine etc.
Postering & walling upto Sansad level- Permanent
wall painting upto each & every Sansad, distribution
of leaflets in sufficient numbers.
letters by the District Magistrate, Bankura to all
the job-card holders intimating their right to get
employment for 100 days.
of festoons & hording at conspicuous places like
Market places, important offices, Railway stations,
Bus stops, Ration shops etc.
Audio-visual shows of folk song and dance related to
MGNREGA conducted at GP & Sansad level.
Pro-active public disclosure board at District,
Block and GP office level.
at GP level- once in a month.
and Training at Block level of officials, PRI
members, SHGs and Supervisors several times by Block
& District team.
Observation of MGNREGA Fortnight for mass
campaigning up to job-card holders.
District & Block level team up to village level to
aware them about the rights.
Engagement of an independent NGO-PRADAN for
awareness generation on natural resource management.
Engagement of an independent NGO to conduct meeting
up to each Sansad to aware job-cad holders about
their rights, procedure and opportunities.
successful implementation of MGNREGS at the entire
district, the district MGNREGA team including Block
level officials attended so many training programmes
at SIPRD for capacity building. Simultaneously, the
team imparted capacity building training at
district, Block and GP level.
steps taken for creating awareness amongst the rural
people and Job card holders action also been taken for
posting of dedicated staff for MGNREGS as per government
orders. By engagement of Asst. Engineers, Nirman Sahayak,
Addl. Sahayak, Technical Assistants, Computer
Assistants, Gram Rojgar Sevak, the staff position has
Computers have been provided to all Gram Panchayat for
proper management of information and communication
system. Suitable mobility supports are being provided.
All the Blocks have internet connection and digital
camera facility which causes more transparency and