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About Us


Historical Background :


Bankura, the fourth largest district of West Bengal is located in the western part of the state, which is popularly known as “Rarh” from time immemorial. It has an area of 6882 square km and according to the census of 2001, it has a population of 31, 2,695. It is bounded by Paschim Midnapur in the south, Purulia District in the west, Bardhaman district in the north and Hoogly District in the east. Bankura is drained by Damodar, Dwarakeswar, Shilabati and Kangsabati along with their tributaries of which Ghandheswari, Shilai and Kumari deserve separate mention. The head quarter of the District is at Bankura from which it has derived its name. According to one tradition the town was named after a local chieftain called Bankura Rai, while according to another legend the town is so called after Bir Bankura, a prince of Bishnupur. The District Bankura acquired its present shape and dimension in 1879 though till 1881, the District Judge ship was known as west Burdwan. It was given the name Bankura in 1881 and since then the administrative and judicial jurisdiction of the District have been coterminous with the Geographical boundaries of Bankura.


Sociological background :


Main livelihood of the district is agriculture and allied activities. Since a very small percentage of agriculture area gets irrigation facilities, the maximum area is to depend upon rain water. Though average rainfall is about 1200 mm per year the distribution of rain is erratic. People mostly depend on mono crop (paddy) and the cultivation is also primitive type. On the other hand, no viable industry exists in the district. For the sake of livelihood a good percentage of human resources migrate to neighbouring Burdwan and Hoogly districts regularly. As the district is economically backward, non agricultural employment can not be ensured. In agriculture also production per unit area is abysmally low. Hence the demand of employment beyond agriculture is very high in the district.

Percentage of scheduled caste and scheduled Tribe population of rural area of the district is 31.87 and 11.06 respectively. The concentration of tribal population is mainly at the southern part of the district. The percentage of rural population to total is 92.63%.

As per census 2001 the literacy rate is 63.84%. It is much lower than national and state average. The literacy is even lower in case of female which is only 49.8%. There are about 688 mouzas in the district where the female literacy rate is less than 30%.


Administrative background :


The administrative profile of this district is as follows :

1. Sub-division – 3 (Bankura Sadar, Bishnupur and Khatra).
2. Block – 22
3. Gram Panchayat – 190
4. Village – 5187
5. Mouza – 3828 (In habited– 3543, un habited – 285)
6. Nos. of ITDP Mouja – 747
7. Police station – 23
8. Nos of Gram Sandad – 1896

9. Nos. of Backward Village – 590


Territorial activities :


After publication of the West Bengal Rural Employment Guaranty Scheme 2006 by the State Govt. on 10-02-06 the work under the provision of the Act and the scheme started in all Blocks of this district, being selected in first phase, (except in municipal area) from 2006.


Interventions made by District MGMGNREGA team with special emphasis on IEC


To obviate those difficulties suitable steps had been taken by the district MGNREGA team headed by District Programme Coordinator and District Magistrate under the leaderships of Addl. District Magistrate(Dev.) and the Nodal Officer of MGNREGS Cell of the District. Since the inception of MGNREGS, to aware the mass about the basic objectives of the scheme including the salient features of the Act, the district MGNREGA team conducted so many Programmes as follows:-

  1. Small group meetings including awareness camps at Gram Sansad level;- initially during inception and for at least two times every year.

  2. Extensive making at village level – at initial stage & before G.S. meeting. Dissemination of information through book-lets, souvenir, little magazine etc.

  3. Postering & walling upto Sansad level- Permanent wall painting upto each & every Sansad, distribution of leaflets in sufficient numbers.

  4. Issue of letters by the District Magistrate, Bankura to all the job-card holders intimating their right to get employment for 100 days.

  5. Hanging of festoons & hording at conspicuous places like Market places, important offices, Railway stations, Bus stops, Ration shops etc.

  6. Audio-visual shows of folk song and dance related to MGNREGA conducted at GP & Sansad level.

  7. Pro-active public disclosure board at District, Block and GP office level.

  8. Meeting at GP level- once in a month.

  9. Meeting and Training at Block level of officials, PRI members, SHGs and Supervisors several times by Block & District team.

  10. Observation of MGNREGA Fortnight for mass campaigning up to job-card holders.

  11. Visit of District & Block level team up to village level to aware them about the rights.

  12. Engagement of an independent NGO-PRADAN for awareness generation on natural resource management.

  13. Engagement of an independent NGO to conduct meeting up to each Sansad to aware job-cad holders about their rights, procedure and opportunities.

  14. For successful implementation of MGNREGS at the entire district, the district MGNREGA team including Block level officials attended so many training programmes at SIPRD for capacity building. Simultaneously, the team imparted capacity building training at district, Block and GP level.

Apart from steps taken for creating awareness amongst the rural people and Job card holders action also been taken for posting of dedicated staff for MGNREGS as per government orders. By engagement of Asst. Engineers, Nirman Sahayak, Addl. Sahayak, Technical Assistants, Computer Assistants, Gram Rojgar Sevak, the staff position has been improved.
Computers have been provided to all Gram Panchayat for proper management of information and communication system. Suitable mobility supports are being provided. All the Blocks have internet connection and digital camera facility which causes more transparency and faster communications.



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